Tempted to scratch? Unless you want to end up getting a scar, better don’t do it! But the question remains.. how to get rid of the black and unpleasant spots?
A frequent problem (actually any woman’s nightmare) blackheads affects 6 out of 10 people. They occur when the pores clog with excess sebum and dead skin cells. Not only are they unattractive, but over time do contribute to skin deterioration, facilitating the formation of wrinkles.
The difference between a blackhead and a whitehead lies in the pore type. If the pores are open, the plug formed by the cells and the sebum will oxidize when exposed to air and become black. Due to how they form, blackheads have been categorised as a form of acne.
Why blackheads form
Certain factors may increase the risk of blackheads:
- Excess sebum
- Accumulation of acne generating bacteria
- Hair follicle irritation when dead skin cells are not properly removed
- Use of unsuitable cosmetics, not adapted to the type of complexion (avoid applying greasy creams if you have oily skin)
- Some hormonal changes (puberty, menstruation, contraception pills)
- Certain medicines, such as corticosteroids, lithium or androgen
How to prevent blackheads
In order to enjoy a healthy skin, several steps should be taken:
- Make sure you drink enough water so that your skin is hydrated and has no pain. Hydration is essential to maintaining a clean, healthy skin without stains. It also helps eliminate toxins in the body.
- Cleanse yourself every night before going to bed and apply a moisturizing cream! Not only does it prevent blackheads, but it also helps keep your skin clean and hydrated so that it does not become dry or accrue excessive fat because of sebum. When cleaning your skin, make sure not to overdo it.
- Wash your face as soon as you wake up, but also in the evening, before bedtime, to eliminate impurities accumulated over the day. Use a delicate cleansing lotion that does not irritate your skin but has antibacterial ingredients to remove bacteria that cause acne.
- Use oil-free products! Any product that contains a variety of oils or is somewhat fatter can contribute to the emergence of new blackheads. Choose makeup products and creams tailored to your skin type.
- Remove dead cells! Scrubbing removes dead skin cells and helps prevent blackheads. But don’t exaggerate: a gentle scrub, once a week, is enough. You can choose special products or apply natural solutions such as maize, ground coffee or sugar.
How to get rid of blackheads
A light exfoliant and a cleansing lotion can be helpful for loosening pores and fighting black pointers. Search for products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur or resorcinol.
Benzoyl peroxide removes excess sebum, and salicylic acid, resorcinol and sulfur decompose the black dot. In addition, salicylic acid slows the decomposition of the skin, the cells of which block the pores.
Because they can be quite deep and not so easy to remove, the blackheads should only be removed by trained cosmetics experts. Try to resist, as much as possible, the temptation to get your comedones alone because you can cause injuries or scars. In addition, no matter how hard you try, you will not be able to clean the pores.
During such an operation, the dermatologist will use a tool with a rough surface to exfoliate the upper layers of the skin. This form of “grinding” will remove the sebum and dead cells that block the pores.
Blackhead removal at home
In addition to all these procedures, you can also try natural herbal alternatives that involve plants or simple ingredients that you always have in your kitchen.
It is very effective in treating blackheads, but also acne. Leaves a clean skin, removingimpurities and any dead cells.
Mix 2 tablespoons of sodium bicarbonate with some mineral water to get a paste.
Apply it generously to troubled areas and massage gently. Allow to dry and wait for a few minutes before rinsing it with lukewarm water. Repeat once or twice a week.
It can be used to eliminate and prevent blackheads.
Mix 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder with 1-2 honey to form a thick paste. Apply it on your face before bedtime and let it work overnight. In the morning, rinse well. For best results, use this remedy daily, for about 10 days.
It can be used in the treatment of acne, but also helps to eliminate blackheads. The vitamins in this jice, including vitamin C, are good for all skin types.
Make a scrub by mixing lemon juice (2 tablespoons) with salt (1 spoon), yogurt (1 spoon) and honey (1 spoon). Thoroughly massage the affected area with this natural scrub and then rinse.
It’s good for oily skin with black dots. Honey moisturizes and tightens the pores, giving you a velvety skin.
Apply honey all over the face, let it act for about 10 minutes and then rinse with lukewarm water.
You can make a mask, which you can use to close your pores and reduce the risk of blackheads. The egg white is rich in nutrients and will not dry your skin so hard as other ingredients.
You need 1 egg white and a little toilet paper. On perfectly clean skin, apply a layer of white with a brush and then a layer of toilet paper. Let it dry and then apply another layer of white and paper. When the mask is completely dry, you will feel the face relaxed a bit. Remove the layers of paper and white, then wash your face lightly to remove impurities. At the end, hydrate as usual.
Blackheads increase especially during the summer, and dermatologists have an explanation for this: sweating, which is more excessive during this time. Also, due to sweating, acne may also accrue in some cases.
A steam bath
One of the simplest solutions is a steam bath. Boil two to three liters of water, and when it boils, pour it into a bowl. Cover your head with a towel and bend over the steam.
Stay above the bowl as long as you can withstand the heat, you don’t have to feel it burning your skin. Afterwards, when the pores open, massage the problem area with a towel to remove the blackheads.
Another solution at hand is scrubbing with malt. All you have to do is mix the maize with water, then rub your face with the mixture. This way, the blackheads will be eliminated.
Treatment is recommended once a week. Instead of maize, you can also use ground coffee, it is just as effective. Both treatments are easy to do.
Treatment with lemon juice
An effective method is lemon juice, rich in vitamin C. Put a bit of lemon juice on a cleanser disk, then hit the area affected by the blackheads. Rinse well with water.
If you have delicate skin, you can dilute the lemon juice in a little water or rose water. Lemon also helps to heal pimples. If you apply it directly, it dries.
Aloe Vera Mask
Aloe vera has many healing properties, being an excellent natural corrector for skin patches and blackheads.
Apply aloe gel directly to the affected area, then massage the affected area with your fingertips for a few minutes. Do this treatment every day for several weeks until skin problems disappear.
Like most home-made beauty recipes, this mask does not need too many ingredients. But don’t be fooled by the simplicity of preparation, because it is very effective and it will help you quickly get rid of the unsightly blackheads.
The mask has the following ingredients:
• Sodium bicarbonate
• Granulated sugar
Add a spoon of sodium bicarbonate in a bowl. Place one or two tablespoons of water and two tablespoons of water over it. Mix until it becomes a homogeneous paste. Moisture the face and apply the mask. Massage gently, then let it act for a few minutes. Rinse with lukewarm water. Repeat until you notice blackheads have been removed.